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Bibliography - General and Thematic

General or thematic studies relating to Mills, Milling and related topics, particularly in Wales.

New and revised entries are denoted by [*] .


Welsh studies on Milling topics

Barton, Peter. Melinau Cymru yn malu eto. Melin 15 (1999): 25-30. 
An account of official efforts during the second World War to bring rural mills back to working order to help feed the nation with particular reference to Merionethshire.

Crankshaw, William P. Report on a Survey of the Welsh Textile Industry made on behalf of the University of Wales. Cardiff: 1927 pp20 + 41 plates. 

Coggins, Julie Ann. The Welsh woollen industry in the nineteenth and early twentieth century with specific reference to Tregwynt woollen mill : Julie Ann Coggins. MA Thesis, Trinity Saint David, 2011.

Davies, Alun E. Paper-mills and paper-makers in Wales, 1700-1900 .
Journal of the National Library of Wales 15.1 (1967): 1-30.

Davies, Brian H. Scarlet - a red to dye for. Melin 23 (2007): 3-30. 
An account of the development of methods for the red dyeing of wool in Wales between the fifteenth and twentieth centuries.

Davies, Ivor E. Bruising the gorse to feed the stock. Country Quest April 1984. 
Gorse mills.

Gwyn, David. Water power in the Gwynedd slate industry. Melin 21 (2005): 69-84. 
A description of the uses of water-power in the slate industry in Gwynedd from the late eighteenth century onwards.

Jack, R. Fulling mills in Wales and the March before 1547 . Archaeologia Cambrensis 130 (1981): 70-127. [*]
The Cambrian Archaeological Association was founded in 1846

James, David W. Y bara gwyn . Country Quest June 1985: 39. 
A brief note on breads in the St Davids area in the 19th century.

Jenkins, J. Geraint (John Geraint). The Welsh Woollen Industry. Cardiff: 1969.

Jenkins, J Geraint. The Flannel Makers, A Brief History of the Welsh Woollen Industry. Llanrwst: Gwasg Carreg Gwalch, 2005. 96pp. ISBN 9780863819636.[*]
Reviewed on www.gwales.com .

Jones, David H. Notes on the Welsh Miller's Terminology. Melin 6 (1990): 11-14. 
A list of Welsh terminology associated with milling and discussion of meaning and relevance to milling history.

Lile, Emma. The 'Honest Millers of Welsh Traditional Song'. Melin 15 (1999): 3-15. 
Discussion of songs and ballards relating to Welsh millers, including songs in Welsh with translations.

Malaws, B. A. A Quarry Rediscovered. Melin 6 (1990): 41-42. 
Descriptions of the Millstone Bur(sic) Quarry above Conway in 1799 and 1990.

Melin, The Editor; and Richard A. Edwards. Waterpower on Every Farm. Melin 7 (1991): 19-26. 
A short account of the Edwards family of Llanuwchllyn, Bala, millwrights and hydraulic engineers, including a 1922 booklet extolling the Pelton wheel as the ideal power source for every farm.

Nash, Gerallt D. Clover and Clover Mills. Melin 6 (1990): 2-10.

Nash, Gerallt D. Gorse and Gorse Mills in Wales. Melin 19 (2003): 3-42.

Nash, Gerallt D. Gorse and Gorse Mills in Wales: Part 2. Melin 20 (2004): 29-35.

Ridyard, Geoff. The Black Book of St Davids. Melin 16 (2000): 23-28. 
An explanation of the Black Book of St. Davids, a survey of lands and rents and duties required of the tenants of the Lord Bishop carried out in 1326. A chart is included of all the mill-related duties tenants had to carry out at particular mills.

Taylor, Bryan S. Aberdulais Falls: A Site for Innovation. Melin 9 (1993): 21-29. 
An account of the historical development of the mills and forges at Aberdulais Falls from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries.

Taylor, Bryan. Wool and water. The Swansea History Journal - Minerva 15 (2007/8): 42-47. [*]
(Royal Institution of South Wales)

Ward, Owen. Welsh Millstones, 1990. Melin 6 (1990): 15-40. 
Historical accounts and descriptions of Wesh millstone quarries.

Wells, Terry Paper making in West Wales Carmarthenshire and Beyond: Studies in History and Archaeology in Memory of Terry James (ed. Heather James and Patricia Moore). Carms. Antiquarian Society (2009): 9-26. 

Wiliam, Dr Eurwyn. Presidential Address. Melin 21 (2005): 3-8. 
Address given by Dr Eurwyn Wiliam, President of the Welsh Mills Society, during the Annual General Meeting and twenty-first birthday celebrations of the Society in 2005.

Watts, Sue. The rotary quern in Wales: part one. Melin 12 (1996): 26-35. 
Detailed archaeological study of early rotary querns (hand mills) from the first century and Roman period.

Watts, Sue. The rotary quern in Wales: part two. Melin 13 (1997): 47-54. 
Detailed archaeological study of the development of rotary querns from the post Roman period to medieval times.

Studies including references to Wales

Barton, P.G. William Hazledine, Miller, Millwright, Ironfounder and Entrepreneur. Melin 23 (2007): 30-49. 
An account of the life and work of William Hazledine, one of the foremost entrepreneurs of the Industrial Revolution, with particular reference to his work in Wales.

Jones, David H. The far-flung Rhawlech. Melin 20 (2004): 53-56. 
A report on the evidence for the use of the 'rhawlech' or flour scoop, originally thought exclusive to Wales, in Pennsylvania and Romania.

Kissock, Jonathan. Book Review (The archaeology of mills and milling, Martin Watts). Melin 18 (2002): 39-40. 
Review of book published in 2002 describing the chronological development of mills in the British Isles from Roman to post-medieval times.

Miller, Edward (ed.) . The Agrarian History of England and Wales - Volume 3 1348-1500 . Cambridge UP, 1991. 1008pp (incl 40+pp detailed index). ISBN 9780521200745; ISBN 9780521200127 (pback, 2001). [*]
Esp. chapter 9 Rural Building where 30pp covering Wales include sections on fulling and grinding mills.

Wailes, Rex. The English Windmill. London: 2nd impression 1967; reprinted 1977.
Refers to mills on Anglesey, and in Cardiganshire (now Ceredigion).

Ward, Owen. British Burrstones, 1799-1821. Melin 1 (1985). 
An account of three Welsh and two Scottish millstone quarries who it was claimed produced wheat-grinding stones at least equal to French burr stones.

Welsh studies including references to Milling topics

Beech, Gareth. An Introduction to Cider Making in Wales. Melin 23 (2007): 50-66. 
An outline of the history of cider making in Wales, including description of the processes involved.

Chappell, Edgar L. Historic Melingriffith. Cardiff: Merton Priory Press, 1940; 2nd ed., intro. by Philip Riden, 1995.
An account of Pentyrch Iron Works and Melingriffith Tinplate Works. Ch.2 includes 3pp on records of early corn mills in the area spanning C12 - C18.

Hughes, Stephen. Aspects of the Use of Water Power during the Industrial Revolution. Melin 4 (1988): 23-37. 
A study of water power features in densely developed industrial areas in South Wales .

Jones, Robert F. Power in the middle reaches of the Vale of Teifi: a local history of water power. Melin 17 (2001): 30-74. 
A study of the history and development of water power including descriptions of early hydro-electric power stations in the Vale of Teifi.

Jenkins, J Geraint. Slave Wales; The Welsh and Atlantic Slavery 1660-1850. Cardiff: UWP, 2010. 158pp. ISBN 9780708323038.[*]
pp 46-54 covers the role of Welsh weavers, mainly in the Mid-Wales uplands, in producing cloth for use as barter goods in African slave markets, and for clothing slaves in the New World. Reviewed on www.gwales.com .

Parkinson, A. J. Listing - what it means and how it affects my mill. Melin 7 (1991): 27-37. 
Explanation of the term 'listing' and the obligations and benefits for the owners of 'listed' mills; also includes a list of known listed mills [current in 1991] .

Tibbott, Minwel S. Bara Ceirch - y Bwyd a'r Crefft. Melin 4 (1988): 38-57. 
Detailed historical account of the milling of oatmeal for human consumption in Wales, its importance and the preparation of oatcakes.

Studies on Milling topics

Chapman, H.S. Beehive querns: marvel of the technological Iron Age. Country Quest February 1990: 40-41.

Ridyard, Geoff. Glossary of medieval and post-medieval words relating to mills. Melin 17 (2001): 26-29. 
A glossary of Latin and middle English words relating to milling.

Ward, Owen. Balancing Burrstones. Melin 11 (1995): 8-19. 
An account of the development of balancing millstones through the use of weights in the nineteenth century.


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